• Form of government
The Federal Republic (Parliamentary government)
Head of state  Mulatu Teshome
Head of the  federal government
Hailemariam Desalegn
Foreign policy
Respect of mutual sovereignty, nonintervention policy
Staple for imports
Food, livestock, oil, chemicals, machinery etc.
Headquarters of international organizations
Joining of the international organizations like UN. AU, IMF, IBRD, IDA, AFDB etc.
Military troops 183,500 soldiers(20,000 people were non-emergency)


The Highlands has a mountain climate. Generally it is mild and a change of climate is rare.
A climate of high temperature and humidity is seen in the lowland.
Addis Ababa’s average range of temperature for the year is 11~23 degrees.
Average temperature for the year in the lowlands is about 28 degrees.
A Rain in Ethiopia is influenced by southwesterly winds.


43.13 billion USD (2012)
Per capital GDP 470.22 USD (2012)
• Currency Birr Birr (USD 1 = 19Birr)
• Chief items for export
Coffee, gold, leather products, livestock, oilseeds etc.
Chief items of imports Food, livestock, oil, chemicals, machiner etc.
Economical strengths Potential for farming industry
Economical weakness Insufficient natural resources, unstable politics
• Capital Coffee, gold, leather products, livestock, oilseeds etc.


The curriculum of Ethiopia : 6 years(elementary school), 4 years(middle   school), 2 years(high school).
illiteracy rate for grownups(2006) – men(57%), women(73.6%)
percentage of school attendance for elementary school (2005) – 58%
percentage of school attendance for middle school(2006) -34.7%
The percentage of attendance has rapidly increased since 1992.
At the end of 2005~2006, the number of students in elementary school is 13,479,674 (1,066,423 students at middle school / 123,638 students at high school)
On the other hand, various foreign schools provide kindergarten,  elementary  and middle school education, which meets the international standards.