|Ethiopia is located in the Horn of Africa and its official name is the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia.|
|Its flag has three colors (green, yellow, and red) with a yellow emblem on blue disc, so-called, “the star of King Solomon, ” in the middle of the flag|
|The three colors were used for the first time in 1895 and those colors stand for African unity, being seen on many African flags.|
|Those three colors also represent a rainbow, the blessing sign from God in represents liberty of religious groups, and red means courage and sacrifice.|
|The star symbolizes the unity and bright future of the nation.The blue disc represents peace and the yellow rays shows the equality of all people regardless of religion.|
Unlike other African nations, Ethiopia has a long history of 3,000 years. Its origin traces back to the era King Solomon era. Queen Sheba had a son with King Solomon and the son, Menelik I, became the first emperor of Ethiopia.
Sheba was a nation in South Arabia but most of its residents moved to Northern Ethiopia by crossing the Red Sea. They used the name Sheba after their moving, which is the reason that Ethiopian historians insisted that Queen Sheba took a journey from Ethiopia to Jerusalem. Even though their claim does not have a proof, the Constitution of Ethiopia took it as a fact, confirming that Ethiopian dynasty had lasted from Menelik I to Haile Selassie I. This idea is the basis of the unity of Ethiopia.
The immigrants from South Arabia established a strong empire, planting a high cultural level in Ethiopia.
This empire was called “the Kingdom of Aksum” because its center was Aksum city.
The kingdom of Aksum was once very prosperous, covering South Arabia and even reaching Mecca.
They were the only nation in Africa that used their own characters, which is still used today.
Even though the kingdom of Aksum declined since the rise of Islam, losing their desert area to Islam , Christian culture and regulations from the kingdom of Aksum still exists in high lands.
The high lands of Ethopia had been under Islamic rule for 14 years during the 16th century and under Italian rule for 5 years during the 20th century. But during those periods, Ethiopian emperors kept their dynasty. The title “emperor”, or “the ruler of rulers” called by Ethiopians, is applied to the 3rd century, and before the 3rd century, they used “ruler.”
Korea and Ethiopia
A Close Tie Between Korea and Ethiopia- An Unforgettable Kindness
When the Korean peninsula faced the threat of Communist control at the outset of the Korean War,
Emperor Haile Selassie I of Ethiopia (1892-1975) decided to enter the war, saying, ”Let us help South Korea keep peace and liberty, and defeat the North Korean army”. Ethiopia sent 6,037 soldiers (3,518 combatants and 2,519 peacekeepers), who were formerly known as the 1st Division Imperial Bodyguard
On April 16th, 1951, the USNS General J.H. McRae, a troop transport, left port with the first troops (1,300 soldiers), sailing 14,500 km in 21 days.It finally arrived at Busan, the temporary capital, on May 7th.
‘Fought 253 times, Won 253 times’
The quote “fought 253 times, won 253 times” represents the success that the Kagnew Battalions from Ethiopia had achieved in battle. Emperor Haile Selassie I christened his troops “Kagnew”, which meant both “to establish peace among chaos” and “first round knockout”. Before sending them to Korea, he told them, “you, soldiers, are going there in order to secure world peace.” Aptly named, the Ethiopian soldiers distinguished themselves in war, fighting against the North Korean army and Chinese army, and successfully defending South Korea.
They also battled the elements, fighting for the first time in cold weather. They fought in 253 battles, winning all 253, including the famous battles at Mt. Juckeun, Sanyang-Ri, Kangwon-Do, Moondoong-Ri in Punch Bowl, Geumhwa, and Chulwon (the “Iron Triangle”). They never retreated and fought so valiantly that no one was able to take back the areas that they had captured.
One honorable thing about the Ethiopians troops was that there were no prisoners of war.
There were no soldiers that were used in an exchange of prisoners. However, there were many sacrifices- 122 soldiers were killed in battle, and 536 soldiers were wounded. Since the Ethiopian soldiers were placed in the front lines in August 1951, three successive battalions were active in the war. They fought alongside the 7thInfantry Division (United States) until 1953, the year of the ceasefire.
The number of Ethiopian soldiers who participated in the war was 3,518.